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Secondary Aneurysm Formation due to the Effect of a Primary Aneurysm

Intracranial aneurysms are localized dilations of arterial vessels located around the Circle of Willis, an important network of arteries at the base of the brain. Aneurysms are at constant risk of hemorrhage; however, the number of benign cases carried by the v populace, the dangers of treatment, and the risk of recurrence often null the efficacy of preventative surgery. Although the mechanisms behind the formation of individual intracranial aneurysms have been thoroughly modeled as the consequence of local hemodynamic conditions, previous simulations have concentrated on single aneurysms. Using OpenFOAM, an open source fluid dynamics toolkit, we model how changes in the hemodynamics within the Circle of Willis caused by the presence of a primary aneurysm can facilitate the formation of a secondary aneurysm. We determined the change in risk of developing a secondary aneurysm on the anterior communicating artery given a primary aneurysm at the bifurcation between the posterior communicator artery and the basilar artery. We found an average decrease in wall shear stress at the anterior communicating artery of 0-4%. Further, the necessary theory behind modeling turbulent flows with the Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes equations is exposited.

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Bruno Beltran- Louisiana State University
Courtney Bruce- Arizona State University
Daniel Burkow- Arizona State University
Sarah Erickson- Western Washington University
Baojun Song- Montclair State University